Source: (2001) In Restorative justice and civil society, eds. Heather Strang and John Braithwaite, 180-194. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.The first school-based community conference in Queensland, Australia, was held in 1994 in response to a serious assault. That led to significant interest in applying this form of restorative justice, in addition to other more traditional strategies, more broadly in the schools. Studies of the use of conferencing in the schools over a two year period revealed certain tensions and problems between existing philosophies and practices and restorative interventions such as conferencing. From all of this, the authors address issues relating to restorative justice philosophy in a school setting. They suggest guidelines for successful implementation of restorative practices, and they argue for a paradigm shift in education to a restorative justice philosophy.