Source: (2008) Luc Huyse and Mark Salter, eds, Traditional Justice and Reconciliation after Violent Conflict: Learning from African Experiences. Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. PP.61-83.

This chapter addresses the strategies for restorative justice at the community level that developed in the aftermath of the 1976–92 civil war in Mozambique. The General Peace Agreement, signed in Rome, Italy, on 4 October 1992 between the Mozambican Government, represented by the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique, Frelimo), and the former rebel movement the Mozambican National Resistance (Resistência Nacional Moçambicana, Renamo), brought an end to almost two decades of very bloody civil war. The negotiations for peace which unfolded between 1990 and 1992 were preceded and accompanied by a comprehensive set of political changes to the post-colonial Marxist–Leninist regime, and replaced that regime with the pluralistic constitution of 1990 which established a multiparty democratic system and a market-oriented economy. Alongside the peace negotiations, these sociopolitical and economic changes were determining factors in the resolution of the civil war. (excerpt)

Read Full Article