Source: (2001) Crime Research in South Africa: Academic Quarterly publishe by the Department of Criminology. University of South Africa. 10/14/02.J. J. Neser, a professor of criminology in the University of South Africa, notes that restorative justice is in a sense a new paradigm, but in many respects it represents a return to traditional responses to crime that had victim reparation as a basic premise. With this in mind, Neser in this paper pursues two purposes: (1) the development of restorative justice both as a traditional/non-western and a modern/western reaction to crime; and (2) an examination of restorative justice by means of a conceptual analysis of its definition, purpose, basic principles, and advantages and limitations.