Source: (2000) Corrections Today 62 (July): 132-136.

Viano maintains that up to the mid 19th century many disputes were handled within community structures and relationships, whereas now most disputes end up before formal law enforcement agencies. At the same time dissatisfaction with the justice system has grown, particularly for victims. Viano traces the victims’ rights movement in this regard, but notes that this movement functions largely within the current adversarial character of the justice system. Viano therefore presents restorative justice as a return to a community and human-relationships based system of justice, which he argues will better serve victims and communities.