Source: (2000) Development Bulletin. 53. Pp.23-25. Australian National University. Downloaded 5 May 2003.Bougainville, a set of islands ranging in size, had been a part of Papua New Guinea as a result of European colonialism in the South Pacific. For many people of Bougainville, desires for autonomy from Papua New Guinea led to a violent struggle for years in the late 1900s. Patrick Howley, from the Australian National University, describes the work of an organization called PEACE Foundation in responding to the legacy of violence in Bougainville through restorative justice ideas and practices. Specifically, he identifies the foundation’s efforts in developing people skills (communication, etc.), conflict resolution (mediation, etc.), and community strengths.