Source: (2004) Paper presented at the Third Conference of the European Forum for Victim-Offender Mediation and Restorative Justice, “Restorative Justice in Europe: Where are we heading?", Budapest, Hungary, 14-16 October. Downloaded 24 May 2005.The political-economical transition found the countries of the region in very different conditions depending on the former social and political situation in the given society. The region has never been homogenious not only because of the centuries of previous history but because of the history of the last 50 years as well. Therefore it is very interesting and useful in itself to explore the different approaches to the transition, the influence – and pressure sometimes – of the western world such as the international recommendations, agreements, requirements. There are several questions that can and should be raised concerning the current and desired situation in these countries not only in relation to RJ, but to the justice system as a whole just like the overall economical-political system. Through the adaptation proccess of RJ we also have to face the challenges of discussing matters as cooperation, non-violent communication, partnership, equal opportuinities, power shift etc. Countries have different answers and relations to these issues and the implementation of alternative ways of handling conflicts and crime. Author's abstract.