Source: (2013) Middle School Journal. 44(5):57-63.

Many middle grades schools continue to struggle with how to approach disciplinary challenges in ways that are consistent with the values espoused by the Association for Middle Level Education (AMLE), Democratic approaches to discipline often stand in opposition to ctirrent zero tolerance policies, which rely on mandated suspensions and expulsions to control student behavior (Evans & Lester, 2012; Stinchcomb, Bazemore, & Riestetiberg, 2006). Extensive research has demonstrated the ineffectiveness of zero tolerance policies and the need for alternative approaches (Advancement Project, 2010; American Psychological Association, 2008). A review of several approaches to classroom management and discipline by Evans and Lester (2010) revealed that restorative justice (RJ) might be one such alternative. (excerpt)