Source: (2005) Presentation at Ancillary Meetings, Eleventh United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, April, Bangkok, Thailand. Downloaded 14 October 2005.

Juvenile Justice or Youth Justice, as it is now called in the UK, has seen considerable government policy reform and law reform in the past 7 years. Pre-court processes, court sentences (both community and custody) and the organisation of the agencies that deliver services have all been the subject of wholesale change, originating from a detailed report into the functioning of the system published in 1997 (Misspent Youth Audit Commission 1997). The intention of the reforms was to rebalance the system away from formal prosecution and court processes towards resources being spent on earlier intervention and prevention. Restorative justice principles were an additional feature of the reform proposals and were characterised as an approach that showed promise in terms of both effectiveness at reducing offending and bringing victims further into the criminal justice process.(excerpt)

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