Source: (2001) In Restorative justice and civil society, eds. Heather Strang and John Braithwaite, 114-129. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.In this essay Wachtel and McCold aim to expand the relevance of restorative justice beyond criminal justice and conflict resolution. They view restorative justice ideas and practices as a general social conception and means to reinforce and foster standards of appropriate behavior and collective responsibility for one another. To make their case, they argue that society must move beyond social discipline in terms of punishment, permissiveness, or neglect to social discipline in terms of a restorative approach. They then illustrate ways in which restorative practices can be applied, informally or formally, in all aspects of everyday life.