Restorative justice in the Australian criminal justice system
from the report by Jacqueline Joudo Larsen:
In 2001, Heather Strang prepared a report for the Criminology Research Council summarising restorative justice programs in Australia (Strang 2001). At that time, restorative justice was largely seen as suitable for juvenile offenders and for less serious offences. Every state and territory had a youth conferencing scheme in place, while only Queensland, Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory were using conferencing with adult offenders. At the time, the use of restorative justice beyond police and courts was beginning to be explored.
In 2013, the Australian Institute of Criminology undertook to build on this early work by reviewing restorative justice programs currently operating within Australian criminal justice systems and identifying the issues currently facing restorative justice.
he final report comprises four sections:
- section one provides a brief discussion relating to definitions and key concepts underpinning restorative justice;
- section two presents an overview of restorative justice programs currently operating across Australia;
- section three provides a summary of the literature regarding the impact of restorative justice; and
- section four discusses current challenges with reference to those highlighted by Strang in 2001 and also considers future challenges for restorative justice.