Source: (2014) Restorative Justice. 2(1):24-42..

This paper examines the conceptual distinctions between rehabilitation, restorative justice and desistance theories of offender cessation from crime. In this discussion, the overarching aim is to consider the place and utility of a restorative model as a recidivism reduction tool, while explaining the notional differences between ethical normative, prudential normative, and social normative models of restorative justice, rehabilitation and desistance respectively. (author's abstract)