Source: (2010) In, Melinda Gyokos and Krisztina Lanyi, eds., European best practices of restorative justice in criminal Procedure. Budapest: Ministry of Justice and Law Enforcement, Republic of Hungary.pp.29-45.

In its modern form, restorative justice reappeared in the late seventies. Its re-emergence was based on multiple roots, in which victims' movements, communitarianism and critical criminology were the three main factors. Together with a multitude of other separate initiatives, they led to the creation of a large field now termed "restorative justice." It goes far beyond criminalizable matters. It increasingly penetrates issues of discipline in schools, neighbourhood conflicts,child welfare and protection matters, and other fields of social life. Given its diverse roots and different forms, it is not surprising that restorative does not appear as a clearly defined set of thoughts and practices. Adding to the confusion are other similar movements called transformative justice,relational justice or community justice. (excerpt)

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