Source: (2014) Education Digest.80(3):19-23.

A restorative and accountable approach begins with a commonly agreed on code of conduct describing a safe and respectful school culture; outlines explicit student expectations, rights, and responsibilities; and calls for mutual accountability among adults to support students’ academic, social, and emotional development. When students violate this code of conduct, disciplinary consequences and interventions require students to own the problem, reflect on the impact of their behavior on themselves and others, and understand why the behavior was unacceptable or unskillful. (excerpt)