Source: (2003) Paper submitted for the XIth International Symposium on Victimology. 13-18 July 2003, Stellenbosch, South Africa. Downloaded 21 August 2003.

Paul Friday begins this essay with the assertion that one of the most significant developments in criminal justice in recent years is the emergence of a wide range of restorative justice/community justice programs. Friday points both to those who embrace this emergence and those who view it with skepticism or opposition. In this context, he notes that use of the term “restorative justiceâ€? by a variety of people and organizations encompasses concepts that do not necessarily have a common meaning. Likewise, restorative justice programs and procedures do not necessarily give the same weight to all “restorativeâ€? aspects involved. The wide diversity of meanings and practices causes major problems for evaluation. With all of this in mind, Friday reviews results of studies of restorative justice programs and practices to evaluate the effect of restorative justice on crime.