Source: (1999) In Restorative juvenile justice: Repairing the harm of youth crime, ed. Gordon Bazemore and Lode Walgrave, 45-74. With an introduction by Gordon Bazemore and Lode Walgrave. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.

The authors observe that support for restorative justice has converged with other emerging movements: the victims' movement; community-oriented policing; indigenous dispute resolution and justice; the women's movement; and critiques of just deserts perspectives and of traditional juvenile justice approaches. Hence, it is not surprising to find considerable ambiguity and even tension over core values and definitions in restorative justice. With all of this in view, Bazemore and Walgrave attempt to describe what is fundamentally common concerning the definition of restorative justice. They identify core principles or values of restorative justice. Then they apply these ideas and principles to juvenile justice to outline systemic reform of juvenile justice in terms of a restorative paradigm.