Source: (2000) International Centre for Prison Studies. Kings College London. Downloaded 22 June 2004.As Anne Mace observes, the prison population in England and Wales at the beginning of the new millennium is at record levels. More people are being sent to prison and for longer sentences. The experience of prison, however, has little about it that is likely to reduce re-offending after release, she contends. Hence, Mace proposes a new way to think about the aims of prison sentences and time in prison. Building on principles and practices of restorative justice, she argues for a comprehensive prison regime in which inmates would be enabled to accept responsibility for their lives and actions, undertake direct or indirect restorative actions for the benefit of victims or the wider community, and begin to restore their own lives, thus equipping themselves for renewed citizenship and life apart from crime.