Source: (2002) Paper presented at "Dreaming of a New Reality," the Third International Conference on Conferencing, Circles and other Restorative Practices, August 8-10, 2002, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

The Retributive Justice system works on the premise that if there is enough punishment, then offenders will be deterred from criminal behavior. But what if a person is unable to cognitively associate cause and effect, to understand consequences of behavior? This is characteristic of Brain Injured persons. How can they be held accountable?