Source: (2001) Relational Justice Bulletin. April (10): 4-5. Downloaded 15 May 2003.Sue Rex begins this article tracing developments in the last quarter century from the rehabilitative ideal to changing rationales for non-custodial penalties. Those changing rationales have resulted in considerable instability and uncertainty about the purpose and status of community orders. One persistent theme though is that people generally see community penalties as subordinate to custodial penalties; hence, community penalties are seen as alternatives. Rex argues in contrast that community-based options offer unique reintegrative and rehabilitative possibilities. Therefore, they deserve attention and application in their own right.