Source: (2007) in, Gerry Johnstone and Daniel W. Van Ness, eds., Handbook of Restorative Justice. Cullompton, Devon: Willan Publishing. pp. 75-90

"This chapter begins by retracing the origins of this contrast in restorative justice, examining why this dichotomous approach was so widely employed, before going on to consider its shortcomings, and the newer approaches to defining restorative and retributive justice. The final section considers the implications of these debates for practice, in particular the implications for the question of where restorative justice programmes should be located in the criminal justice system and the safeguards and checks and balances that should accompany them." (excerpt)