Source: (2011) International Journal of Police Science & Management. 13(3):195-210.

In December 2007, the conditional caution scheme was introduced as a result of the Criminal Justice Act 2003. The aim of this scheme was to provide an additional option to the range of ‘out of court disposals’, which can be imposed on offenders for minor offences without the necessity of court appearances. The conditional caution is an enhanced caution which allows conditions to be imposed, such as reparation, letters of apology or drug and alcohol awareness courses, which must be fulfilled in order for the caution to be completed. Restorative justice is also an option with regard to these cautions. After canvassing stakeholders within this process, it was observed that the concept of introducing victim–offender mediation within the cautioning process was not commonly viewed as a positive step. The majority of victims were not in favour of this, and other criminal justice stakeholders were also divided as to whether this would be beneficial. The motivation behind these responses differed according to the role played within the process, with victims being pessimistic regarding the benefits of this approach, and criminal justice professionals expressing concern with regard to the timeconsuming nature of these activities. An additional flaw in this process centred around communication with victims. There appeared to be a disparity between contacts with different victim types, with corporate victims only contacted if time allowed. This indicated that time constraints were a specific deciding factor with regard to the process. (author's abstract)