Source: (2006) Journal of African Law. 50(2):94-117.More than a decade after the genocide in Rwanda, all efforts were still failing to achieve justice for victims. This article begins by contrasting retributive and restorative justice. The nation’s gacaca courts are a move away from retribution and toward reconciliation. The gacaca courts are the best and only means to bring lasting justice to the genocide survivors and reconcile a deeply divided society. The success of the courts depends on support from the government, international community, and Rwandans themselves.