Source: (1996) In: B. Galaway and J. Hudson (eds.), Restorative Justice: International Perspectives. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, pp. 175-192.This paper presents a review of restorative justice programs developed in Aboriginal communities in Canada. These programs provide a forum for sanctioning offenders while at the same time beginning the healing process for victims, offenders, and the community. Restorative justice programs adopt a holistic framework which expands the focus and response beyond the offence to include the offender's life situation, the needs of crime victims, the families of victims and offenders, and the larger community context. The success of these initiatives as well as the factors that may undermine the efficacy of programs are discussed.