Source: (2011) Canadian Criminal Law Review. 15:359-385.

A statement of sentencing purposes and principles should be enacted that is specifically suited to regulatory offences. This statement, unlike the one set out in the Criminal Code of Canada, should be organized in a hierarchical manner so that courts are able to approach sentencing decisions in a consistent, coherent and rational manner, especially where sentencing purposes and principles conflict with respect to one another. In this way, guidance will be provided to courts on sentencing by legislators; courts, in turn, can better play a role in crafting dispositions for those who are found in breach of the regulatory standard, and yet are likely to resume participating in the regulated activity following sentencing. (author's abstract)