Source: (2009) Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review. 44:581-596.

Part II of this Response focuses on the ways in which punitive school discipline policies-which include excessive security procedures and police involvement-feed this school to prison pipeline, and the disparate impact of these policies on African American youth. Turning to possible solutions, Part III suggests that both (1) reducing the prison-like atmosphere of schools, and (2) utilizing the potential for community, judicial, and legislative responses to establish procedural safeguards, can reduce the initial transfer of an inordinate number of African American students to the juvenile court system, while continuing to prioritize safety in the classroom. (excerpt)