Source: (2006) Papers presented at the Fourth Conference of the European Forum for Restorative Justice, “Restorative justice: An agenda for Europe”, Barcelona, Spain, 15-17 June 2006.

In recent years there has been an ongoing debate about the theoretical and practical basis on which to build forms of Restorative Justice. A number of leading contributors to this debate such as John Braithwaite have advocated a shame-based model. While others have argued that most Western countries are guilt-based societies and that developing forms of shaming may not only be inappropriate but counterproductive. IN this paper it is argued that it is ‘trust’ which is the key concept in play in restorative and peace making practices and that if we wish to develop more effective interventions that we need to further explore the processes by which trust is lost and investigate ways in which it can be re-established. (author's abstract)