Source: (1996) In: R. Dalziell, D. Parker and I. Wright (eds.), Shame and the Modern Self. Melbourne. AUS: Australian Scholarly Publishers.Revised version of a paper presented to a 1994 interdisciplinary conference at the Australian National University. The paper critiques the Standard Social Science Model of emotionality for its excessive emphasis on cognition, and for its lingering tendency to downplay the significance of human universals and explain social psychology almost exclusively in terms of culture. Some political implications of these theoretical debates are considered.