Source: (1996) In: B. Galaway and J. Hudson (eds.), Restorative Justice: International Perspectives. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, pp. 403-416.

This essay considers the trend in criminal policy in Germany and constructive social alternatives which have been considered in the field of ambulant sanctions. Firstly is victim-offender reconciliation which is mainly carried out by independent bodies of the youth welfare service and also juvenile court assistance. Several projects have been started in the criminal justice system and evaluation has shown good results. The majority of offences dealt with are bodily injury, theft, criminal damage, and, to some extent, robbery. The ethical explanation lies in the principle that taking responsibility has priority over criminal constraint. Further, the victim's interests are taken far more into consideration and conflict management gains importance.