Source: (2012) Gonzaga Law Review. 47(3):801-838.

To the court's participants, nothing seems unusual about this innovative approach to justice. To them it makes perfect sense that state and tribal judges would join forces to deal with the community's problems. And that is exactly what happens. The two judges jointly hear each case that comes before the court, whether the offender is Native American or non-Native. They make all critical decisions about the case together and are able to use their diverse backgrounds and experiences to arrive at the best possible outcomes. Native American offenders have reported a greater sense of trust and respect for the court, and non-Native offenders often express their appreciation for the thoughtful decision-making that two judges bring to each case. The court has broken down old barriers between the state and tribal governments and built a foundationforfuture collaboration. (excerpt)