Source: (2002) Corrections Today. 64(10): 46David Daubney observes that in the mid 1990s Canadian criminal justice policy-makers faced critical decisions regarding the direction of sentencing and corrections. Offender populations had grown dramatically and were expected to continue to grow in that fashion. A key element in the rise was the disproportionate rate of incarceration of Aboriginal people. In this context, the government began to articulate and implement a strategy combining crime prevention, tough treatment of serious crime, and greater use of community sanctions for low-risk offenders. To explain this strategy, Daubney discusses the corrections population in Canada, the legislative impetus for sentencing reform, and reforms in the corrections system.