Source: (2000) Journal of Political Philosophy. 8(4): 470-496.While South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was not the first official commission to investigate past trauma, it has attracted more interest and comment, including philosophical comment, than its predecessors. David Dyzenhaus’s aim in this essay is to examine why political philosophers have found the TRC so interesting an example of an institutionalized attempt to deal with injustice. Some have claimed that the TRC sacrificed both truth and justice. Others have argued that the justification for the TRC lies in new conceptions of justice, such as restorative justice. Dyzenhaus contends that those justifications should be rejected in favor of a justification based on a conception of transformative justice.