Source: (2002) Track Two. 11(2). Centre for Conflict Resolution. Downloaded 12 December 2003.According to Lukas Muntingh, many things have been called offender reintegration but few initiatives can truly claim success in reintegrating offenders into society upon their release from incarceration. Recidivism – repeat offending and re-incarceration – is all too common for released offenders. Yet, maintains Muntingh, successful offender reintegration as a crime reduction strategy should be the overall purpose of the criminal justice system. With all of this in mind, he discusses the nature and effect of imprisonment, a human rights approach to offender reintegration, and a reintegrative theory of punishment.