Source: (2000) Australian Journal of Human Rights, 6(1)This article deals with issues in schools, including truancy, drug use, and school violence, and how these issues are related to the criminal justice system. Criminalization in schools has tended to increase with more police power and âlaw and orderâ? rulings. However, with the 1997 enactment of the Young Offenders Act, there has been increased focus on restorative justice measures to be used in school. These measures are considered âwell considered, rational progressions in juvenile justice, seeking to divert young offenders from the justice system in recognition of the fact that most young people who offend will not re-offend.â?