Source: (1998) Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology 31(3): 230-241.

The inter-rater reliability of reintegrative shaming concepts was tested at Community Accountability Conferences and at court proceedings in Canberra, AUS. Data were collected from observation of 45 cases: 15 violence or property-related conferences; 15 drunk-driving conferences; and a mix of 15 drunk-driving, property-related, and violence-related court cases. The results indicate that components of reintegrative shaming theory can be observed reliably using systematic observation and global rating observation methods.