Source: (2009) Monograph 159, Institute for Security Studies.

Th e African Human Security Initiative (AHSI) is a consortium of organisations that has taken the initiative to emphasise human security in Africa. AHSI has used the opportunity created by the peer review concept to complement the formal African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) process of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) to undertake a focused review of the criminal justice system in selected countries identified for the APRM... Zambia has made great progress since the re-establishment of a multiparty democracy - particularly since the late President Levy Mwanawasa took over in 2002 - but there are still serious gaps in its criminal justice law reforms with accompanying major challenges. Despite real progress, capacity gaps remain serious and so do corruption and human rights violations in the treatment of prisoners. One of the biggest problems is overcrowded prisons. In short, Zambia needs to implement some major reforms in its criminal justice system to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. (excerpt)