Source: (2001) In Restorative justice and civil society, eds. Heather Strang and John Braithwaite, 56-68. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Pavlich notes in recent years both an increasing advocacy of community and communitarianism (e.g., community justice, community work, community policing, community corrections, and community psychiatry) and a number of voices raised in skepticism of what are considered to be simplistic and optimistic views of community. Against this background, Pavlich examines key ideas among advocates of community, especially the âunifying strategyâ? that informs their approach to community. In response to those views, he highlights ambiguity in community â its negative as well as its positive effects â and proposes an alternative approach to community to mitigate and overcome totalitarian and exclusivist dynamics in some approaches to communitarianism.