Source: (2003) In, Sinclair Dinnen, Anita Jowitt, and Tess Newton Cain, eds., A Kind of Mending: Restorative Justice in the Pacific Islands. Canberra, ACT: Pandanus Books. Pp. 35-43.

Through his discussion of the fundamentals of restorative justice, John Braithwaite describes empowerment or non-domination as the most important aspect of restorative justice. While asserting that all cultures have restorative forms of responding to wrong doing that should be called upon in the modern setting, he also recognizes that all cultures also have retributive responses as well. He argues that restorative justice practices should involve all stakeholders in ‘respectful dialogue about an injustice.'