Source: (1996) Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology 29(2):195-199This is the plenary address to the Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology 1996. Christie suggests that the idea of village life exists within our major urban centers. Those living in the modern 'hut' are linked in ways with functional similarities to villages of old. When conflict erupt, they must solve the conflicts with civil means. Compensation to the victim, not pain to the offender, becomes the major answer where relations are to continue. Implications of this anthropological view for criminal justice policy is discussed in the context of Norway.