Source: (1998) In Restorative justice for juveniles: Potentialities, risks and problems for research, ed. Lode Walgrave, 123-136. A selection of papers presented at the International Conference, Leuven, May 12-14, 1997. With a preface by Lode Walgrave. Leuven, Belgium: Leuven University Press.This article builds upon the recent piece by Lode Walgrave and Ivo Aertsen in the European Journal of Criminal Policy and Research which considered the compatibility of reintegrative shaming and restorative justice. This article is not intended as a critique of Walgrave & Aertsen, but presents my own 'dishevelled thinking' which I hope will qualify, and advance this timely debate. Having alluded to the current rapid growth of confidence in, and practice of restorative justice fora, this article considers some of the issues raised by Walgrave & Aertsen (1996) by expanding upon the concepts of reintegrative shaming, shame and shaming. It will be argued that shame acutally plays a crucial, though possibly covert, role in explaining why restorative justice processes achieve what they do. Author's abstract.