Source: (2005) Presented at the 19th International Conference for the International Society Reform of Criminal Law, Edinburgh, Scotland.

This statement sums up the challenges facing any discussion about mediation or reconciliation of criminal cases in Central Asia. First there is a very different understanding of what sorts of criminal cases might best be brought to alternative processes in lieu of criminal prosecution. Second, the attitudes surrounding victims, defendants, and certain types of crimes start from a very different point than in many western countries... It is this dual difference that those in the international community must confront and understand in evaluating the increased use of alternatives to court proceedings throughout Central Asia, and before embarking on any assistance program to support or encourage its increased use. (excerpt)

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