Source: (2007) Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal. 8(1): 41-116.... - Lawyer in Kyrgyzstan discussing reconciliation of rape cases. ... " Other authors define "restorative justice [as] seeking to balance the concerns of the victim and the community with the need to re-integrate the offender into society. ... " Restorative justice processes include victim offender mediation, family group conferencing, peacemaking circles, community reparative boards, and victim impact panels. ... Parties in the United States most frequently use victim offender mediation, increasingly known as restorative justice conferencing. ... Support persons exist both for the victim and the offender in western restorative justice process. ... In addition, Uzbekistan does not specify what categories of crimes the criminal justice system may send to reconciliation. ... As in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, the parties, investigators, prosecutors, and judges may start the reconciliation process. ... Often cases go to reconciliation when the investigator (who is frequently the intermediary) thinks that the victim will not want to proceed with the prosecution or will not be a reliable witness. ... Until the criminal justice system better protects victims of domestic violence and sexual assault, and until criminal justice professionals understand and take these crimes more seriously, these cases should not go to reconciliation. ... (Authors Abstract).