Source: (1981) Washington, DC: University Press of America, 314p.

The various sanctions used in recent historical time by traditional East African societies against offenders are reviewed. While imprisonment has been widely used in sanctioning convicted offenders in Kenya, as well as in East Africa generally, several alternatives to imprisonment have been available. Historically correlating various political periods to the different correctional policies and systems in Kenya from the beginning of the colonial period to the present, this field study also examines characteristics of offenders and inmates in Kenya, various components of Kenya's criminal justice and correctional systems, the effectiveness of imprisonment, and trends in correctional policy and programs in Kenya.