Source: (2013) Restorative Justice. 1(2):215-243.

The object of this article is to work with the concept of injustice, rather than impunity, following Reyes Mate's theory (2011), from the standpoint of restorative justice. The concept of delicate and real injustice, as developed by this Spanish philosopher, obliges us to take certain significant nuances into account. It is not a de-contextualised concept. On the contrary, it is a concept that underlines aspects of justice that are linked to more inherently local and community dimensions. The experiences of victims of terrorism are assessed from the standpoint of individual victimisation and acknowledgement in terms of the active responsibility of offenders as well as with a broad range of complementary responses to the social and political harm done. This work refers mainly to the terrorist group ETA, based on considerations drawn from the results of previous research. In the first part of the paper, the state of play with regard to restorative encounters within the domain of terrorist victimisation in Spain will be examined. We will then explore the many and diverse meanings of the concept of impunity in models of modern, restorative and transitional justice. In the conclusion, by identifying possible new avenues of research in the future, some final remarks will be made regarding revised plural interpretations of impunity in the eyes of victims, offenders and society. (author's abstract)