Source: (1994) In C. Alder and J. Wundersitz (eds.), Family Conferencing and Juvenile Justice: The Way Forward or Misplaced Optimism? Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. Pp 15-44.The authors describe the New Zealand model of family group conferences and how this model includes both traditional and innovative approaches. They describe the process of FGCs and define some of the key concepts. An empirical evaluation of the process is explained and data is presented on who attends, the penalties imposed, participant's satisfaction, and cultural appropriateness of the process. Finally, they discuss some inherent contradictions in the model and problems of implementation.