Source: (1992) In: H. Messmer and H.-U. Otto (eds.), Restorative Justice on Trial: Pitfalls and Potentials of Victim-Offender Mediation: International Research Perspectives. Dordrecht, NETH: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 131-148.The Norwegian community mediation centers have reached an important state in their development as a youth measure, and now stand at a crossroads. After having functioned for 10 years as an experiment, a separate law regarding mediation in community mediation centers will be passed by the Norwegian Parliament in 1991. It is, among other suggestions, proposed that all municipalities (totaling 450 in Norway), either individually or in cooperation with other municipalities, shall establish so-called conflict councils. There are strong possibilities that community mediation centers will develop characteristics that make them more and more like the institution that they were supposed to be an alternative to.