Source: (1998) Contemporary Justice Review v.1: 21-45

Restorative justice has burst on the international scene as an umbrella concept and social movement. We review the major streams of activism and social thought that have made restorative justice a popular idea, consider the implications of its popularity as a social movement, and identify ways to move the idea forward. We propose that, in order for the field to advance, scholars and activists must (1) get beyond oppositional retributive-restorative justice model caricatures, (2) address the relationship of retributivism and consequentialism to restorative justice, and (3) use more precise terms and promise less