Source: (2003) In, Lode Walgrave, ed., Repositioning Restorative Justice. Devon: Willan Publishing. Pp. 239-254.Vesna Nikolic-Ristanovic writes that large-scale victimization in the former Yugoslavia led to public discussion and actions in the direction of applying restorative justice in response to the atrocities. The main purposes were to break the cycle of violence and to establish long-term peace and normal relationships among different ethnic groups and political opponents. A concrete example of such efforts was the establishment in 2001 of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) by the president of the Federated Republic of Yugoslavia. Nikolic-Ristanovic maintains, however, that there are many unresolved questions and misunderstandings about the application of restorative justice principles and about the TRC itself. She explores these issues and the possibilities for restorative justice in the specific circumstances of past and present realities in Serbia.