Source: (2001) Paper presented at the Theology and Culture: Peacemaking in a Globalized World conference. Bienenberg Theological Seminary, Switzerland, 25-29 June.Lee points to the tension between North Korea and South Korea and its connection to global tension. Correspondingly, he asserts that the advancement of peace on the Korean peninsula would further world peace as well. A sketch of the historical background to the North-South division and a description of the current North-South confrontation support his points. In this context, Lee focuses on the role churches in South Korea can play in transforming this conflict and on the challenges to peace theology.