Source: (1992) In: H. Messmer and H.-U. Otto (eds.), Restorative Justice on Trial: Pitfalls and Potentials of Victim-Offender Mediation: International Research Perspectives. Dordrecht, NETH: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 387-396.This article discusses the role of probation in restitution procedures. The author firsts outlines briefly the Dutch context of the probation services. Secondly, the significance of compensation and restitution are considered from a theoretical frame of reference of social order,. Third, the results of an investigation among probation officers aimed at identifying their contribution in these procedures are presented. Finally, an attempt is made to picture the future role of probation.