Source: (2000) Paper presented at the Fourth International Conference on Restorative Justice for Juveniles. October 1-4 2000. Tübingen, Germany.Daniel Van Ness begins this paper with a sketch of recent initiatives that signal a worldwide interest in restorative justice among national governments and the United Nations. What does the surge of interest and activity mean? Can it be said that some countries which have enacted significant reforms now have restorative systems? Van Ness seeks to answer those questions by exploring the components of a restorative justice system, measures for assessing the restorative character of a system, and models of restorative justice systems.