Source: (2013) Journal of Legal Education.63:673-688.

Among our efforts is participating in and providing support to the development of the restorative justice movement, a remarkable attempt to shift the framework of the criminal law away from identifying the crime, finding the wrong-doer, and punishing him or her-the traditional model which presupposes that a crime is the act of a detached individual against the State-to one that fosters direct victim/ offender encounters which seek to encourage people who cause harm to address directly the suffering of their victims. The point is to bring intersubjective concreteness to the infliction of human suffering in a way that makes a call upon those who inflict harm to take responsibility for it, to apologize for it and provide restoration, if possible, for the harm, and in some circumstances to be forgiven for it and to be reintegrated wherever possible into the community.(excerpt)